and Scrap Metal
and Demolition Debris
and Asbestos-Containing Items
Needles from Home Use
At Your Work Place
What can I recycle at
the curb or at my transfer station?
How do I prepare my recyclables?
What other items can I
take to my local transfer station?
This varies somewhat from town to town. Specific information for your town: Bernardston, Buckland, Charlemont, Colrain, Conway, Deerfield, Erving, Hawley, Heath, Leverett, Montague, New Salem, Northfield, Orange, Rowe, Shelburne, Warwick, Wendell, Whately
Where can I get a recycling
free recycling bins to residents. Other towns sell recycling
The District also sells recycling bins. Call the District at
or email at email@example.com.
Where do the recyclables
go after getting picked up? I’ve heard some of it
goes to the landfill.
recyclable items get
transported from your town to the Springfield Materials Recycling
(SMRF, pronounced "Smurf"). This facility has a combination
equipment and human employees to separate the material into specific
such as mixed paper, cardboard, glass, steel cans, aluminum, and
containers. The only time that recyclables might get
if there is a large amount of contamination in a specific
example, if someone dumps used motor oil into the recycling then all of
the material will be thrown out because it cannot be
more information about the SMRF and the regional advisory board, visit
the Springfield Materials Recycling Facility
My recyclables weren’t
picked up at the curb. Why and who do I call?
District is not involved
with any curbside collection programs. You have to contact
offices to get information on why your recycling bin wasn’t
picked up and
to report bins that were missed.
Can I really make a difference?
know there are benefits
of recycling for the environment. Recycling conserves natural
Did you ever think of how much? To give you an idea of the
if we recycle all our paper in Western Massachusetts for one year, we
save over 2.5 million trees, which is about a 5,000-acre forest.
if we recycle every can in Western Massachusetts for one year, we will
save enough metal to manufacture 6,000 cars.
Recycling also saves energy.
For example, to make recycled aluminum requires 95% less energy than to
make new aluminum from bauxite ore. Recycling also saves landfill
The northeastern area of the US has limited landfill space and
will make landfills last longer. Recycling also lowers
emissions of hydrogen sulfide (which causes acid rain), carbon monoxide
and several heavy metals.
There are many excuses people
give for not recycling, one of them being “What I throw away
to much." That's just not true. In Massachusetts alone we throw away
million tons of solid waste a year. An average person produces 4.3
of waste a day. By recycling, you really are making a
What new products come
from recycled materials?
recyclables and make them into new products such as copy paper, post-it
notes, index cards, file folders, newspapers, cereal boxes, paper
egg cartons, envelopes, napkins, aluminum cans, glass containers,
bins, recycling collection containers, plastic lumber, traffic cones,
car bumpers, trash bags, and laundry detergent bottles. This
a short list of recycled products. When you buy a product,
words that indicate it is made from recycled materials.
What is household hazardous
term Household Hazardous
Waste (HHW) covers many products, but is generally defined as a
that is a potential threat to the environment or human
these materials have one or more of the following properties:
toxic, reactive, or corrosive.
How should household hazardous
waste be disposed?
disposal of HHW is
very important. Improper disposal of household hazardous
cause problems for the entire community. Wastes can be
or highly flammable. Hazardous wastes can also be
corrosive. One of the worst ways to dispose of hazardous materials is to
them down the drain.” Wastewater treatment plants
are not designed
to handle hazardous wastes nor are home septic systems. Disposing
of hazardous wastes in a landfill causes groundwater and surface water
The District provides two
different disposal options for residents and small businesses:
- The District holds an annual
HHW collection in the fall for hazardous waste from households and small
This collection is free to residents. Businesses must pay for
disposal costs. Both residents and businesses must
Registrations are accepted only during a 3-4 week period before the collection date.)
- Motor oil, oil filters, used
antifreeze, oil-based or alkyd paints, stains, varnishes, thinner,
lamps, light ballasts, thermometers, thermostats, rechargeable
and button batteries are accepted at the Hazardous Waste Super Sites at
the Bernardston, Colrain, and Conway transfer stations. There
a small fee for most items.
- Most District towns accept fluorescent lights and batteries from their residents.
How do I store my
HHW until the next collection?
are some helpful hints
for safely storing your household hazardous waste until you bring it to
the annual HHW collection
or the Super
do I dispose of motor oil?
- DO NOT mix different chemicals
for storage or transport.
- DO leave products in their original
containers with the label intact.
- DO place leaking containers
into a five-gallon plastic pail or similar safe containment device
proper disposal is available.
- Store in containers with tight
- Keep away from children and
used oil in leak-proof
containers with tight fitting screw-on lids. The District
designed containers for storing and transporting used motor
Call 413-772-2438 or email firstname.lastname@example.org
for more information.
do I dispose of oil filters?
- Return used oil for recycling
to the store where you purchased it. Retailers are required
used oil for recycling (up to 2 gallons per person per day) if you have
the original purchase receipt.
- Take your used oil to any of
the following places:
- Some service stations and repair
garages do not sell motor oil but burn the oil to heat their garage and
will take back used oil from residents.
- Used Oil Hotline: (617)
556-1022. Use this number also to report retailers
unwilling to accept used oil from customers who have a receipt.
NOT dispose of an undrained
oil filter in the trash. Puncture a hole in the dome of the
and drain for several hours, preferably while still
“hot.” Pour the
oil into a leak-proof container with a tight fitting screw-on
lid. The filter may then be put in the trash or can be brought to one of the
District’s Super Sites. There is a
fee for recycling the filter at the collection sites.
Some District towns accept used oil filters throughout the year.
do I dispose of antifreeze?
does not go bad. Rather than disposing of it, donate unused antifreeze
to a friend, a mechanic, or school
auto shop that can use it.
do I dispose of automotive batteries?
- Take used
antifreeze to a Hazardous
Waste Super Site at the Bernardston, Colrain, or Conway Transfer
OR save it for the annual hazardous waste collection.
- Empty containers can be disposed
of in the trash.
- NEVER pour antifreeze on the
ground. Cats and dogs like the sweet taste of antifreeze but
kill them because of its toxicity.
not throw in the trash.
Automotive batteries are banned from landfills and combustion
in Massachusetts and must be brought to a collection center.
disposing of the automotive
battery, please take the following precautions:
- Most automotive battery retailers
will accept old batteries when you purchase a new one.
- Some District towns accept automotive batteries from their residents
throughout the year.
- The District accepts automotive
batteries at its annual Household
- Auto batteries may also be taken to WTE Metal Recycling.
do I dispose of household batteries?
- Handle batteries with acid resistant
or leather gloves.
- Keep sparks and flames away
from batteries and don't smoke nearby.
- Never place metal objects on
top of the battery because it can cause sparks. Remove rings,
and other metallic items before handling.
- Keep batteries right side up.
- Carry in a non-metallic, leak
- If the battery leaks, neutralize
any spilled acid with baking soda or calcium carbonate
area with water.
- If acid comes in contact with
skin, flush area with water immediately and seek medical attention if
do I dispose of fluorescent lamps?
Fluorescent bulbs, including compact fluorescent lights (CFLs), contain mercury and must be disposed of properly. The good news is that it is easier than ever to dispose of fluorescent light bulbs. Proper disposal is now available at all transfer stations and some town halls within the District. Transfer
stations in Bernardston, Buckland, Charlemont, Colrain, Conway,
Deerfield, Heath, Leverett, Montague, New Salem, Northfield, Orange,
Rowe, Shelburne, Warwick, Wendell, and Whately now host fluorescent
lamp recycling programs for their residents. Residents of Deerfield,
Gill, Hawley, and Sunderland may now recycle fluorescent lamps at their
town halls. The Town of Greenfield accepts fluorescents from Greenfield
residents at the Greenfield transfer station. Small fees ($0.50 to
1.00) for recycling vary from town to town. Check with your town or
transfer station for pricing. Expired, unbroken CFLs may also be
brought to any Home Depot store (returns desk), any Aubuchon Hardware store, or the Greenfield Solar Store for recycling. The stores do not charge for this service.
If you break a
fluorescent lamp, clear the area immediately.
ten minutes. Using plastic/latex gloves, carefully pick up
pieces and place them into a bag or box for disposal. When the mercury
released, the glass can be thrown out. However, it is
dangerous to your
health to intentionally break fluorescent lamps. Throw out
when you’re done.
do I dispose of paints and stains?
the paint is usable and
there is a reasonable quantity, try to donate it to a community service
organization or theater group.
For oil-based paints:
- Take to the District’s annual Household Hazardous Waste Collection each fall.
- Take to the Hazardous Waste Super
Sites at the Bernardston, Colrain, or Conway. There
is a fee.
- Empty cans can be recycled with
scrap metal, if your town accepts them, or placed in the trash.
Latex paint is not considered
hazardous because it is water-based. The District does not
latex paint at any of its collection sites or at the annual collection event.
- Latex paint can be disposed
of as trash if dry. To dry small amounts, remove lid and let
paint dry in the can. For larger amounts, mix in latex paint hardener or kitty litter. Or
pour one-inch layers of paint in a cardboard box lined with a plastic
Stir the paint occasionally to speed drying. Put completely
paint in the trash.
- Empty cans can be recycled with
scrap metal, if your town accepts them, or placed in the trash.
How do I dispose of smoke
do I dispose of propane tanks?
Dispose of smoke detectors in
the trash. Certain
contain a radioactive sensing device, but the radioactivity is so low
it is considered harmless.
NOT dispose of propane
tanks in the trash or with scrap metal.
do I dispose of electronics?
- Many District towns collect propane tanks
– with and without gas – from residents.
your town doesn’t
collect propane tanks, you can bring them to the District's Clean Sweep Collection (twice annually, spring and fall).
a propane cylinder always ensure that the valve is tightly closed and
the tank is secured in an upright position.
- Keep sparks
and flames away from propane tanks and never smoke nearby.
- Small gas canisters from camp
stoves can be placed in the trash when empty – unless your
trash goes to
an incinerator. If your
goes to an incinerator save them for the District’s annual
collection each fall.
the item is still functioning
and usable, try to donate it to a charity or non-profit group who may
able to use it. These include Goodwill and Salvation Army.
do I dispose of appliances and scrap metal?
- It is illegal to dispose of
TVs and computer monitors in the trash.
- Most District towns have a
system for these items and other electronics.
your town doesn’t
collect electronics, you can bring them to the District's Clean Sweep Collection (twice annually, spring and fall).
do I do with tires?
District towns collect appliances
and scrap metal from residents.
your town doesn’t
collect these items, you can bring them to the District's Clean Sweep Collection (twice annually, spring and fall).
- There is a local scrap metal
facility in Greenfield: wTe Recycling at
413-772-2200. There is
a fee for appliances with freon (refrigerators, freezers, air
- It is against federal law to
vent any appliance with freon (CFCs) into the air. Never cut
on refrigerators or air conditioners. There is a fine and
jail term for venting freon.
is illegal to dispose
of tires in a landfill in Massachusetts.
- Most District towns collect
your town doesn’t
collect tires, you can bring them to the District's Clean Sweep Collection (twice annually, spring and fall).
do I do with construction and demolition debris?
do I dispose of asbestos or asbestos-containing items?
- Some District
towns will accept this
material from residents.
your town doesn’t
collect construction and demolition debris, you can bring it to the District's Clean Sweep Collection (twice annually, spring and fall).
- If you have used (or surplus) building materials in REUSABLE condition, they can be donated to EcoBuilding Bargains in Springfield, Massachusetts. Contact them first to make sure they can accept your materials.
- Never include asbestos or asbestos-containing
items with construction and demolition debris.
is a difficult
material to dispose because of the serious health dangers associated
it. Contact the District directly at 413-772-2438 or at email@example.com
specific assistance with disposing of asbestos or asbestos-containing
it safe to throw away
used hypodermic needles from home use?
Do not place needles in the trash. Safe disposal of needles ("sharps") protects
recycling and trash collection workers, as well as family members of sharps
users. Help us prevent unintended needle sticks – use our sharps collection
program from now on.
The Solid Waste District provides free one quart or one gallon sharps boxes to residents who
use needles and lancets. Once a sharps box is full, you can bring
it to one of nine Franklin County locations, and pick up an empty sharps
box to take home. This program is open to all Franklin County residents,
and you may use whichever collection site is most convenient for you. Please
call our office, 413-772-2438, for information about the locations
and hours of the collection sites. This program is completely
free to residents.
I want to start composting
but don’t know where to start.
District can guide you
through the process. There are several locations that sell
bins at a reduced price for residents. You
can also make your own compost bin. The District has
instructions on what can and can’t be composted as well as
how to manage
a compost pile.
Do I have to turn the
pile? What about adding water?
is not necessary to turn
the pile or to add water. Compost happens naturally without a
of effort on your part. However, your organic waste will turn into
faster if you make sure the
is ideal (as wet as a wrung-out sponge) and the pile is turned to
temperature and consistency.
Do I need to add manure,
leaves, grass, etc.?
noted above, compost
will happen without a lot of effort. Ideally, you should make
that you have a combination of materials in your compost
will help absorb extra moisture in your pile and add carbon.
will add nitrogen. Both can be used effectively to cover food waste and
reduce flying insects.
I’ve heard the term "Close
the Loop" in reference to recycling. What does it mean?
depends on a three-part
"recycling loop" that includes collection, manufacturing, and purchase
of recycled products. Municipal and business collection programs ensure
a steady supply of materials (cans, bottles, paper) for the recycling
Private recycling companies use these materials to manufacture new
Finally, consumers and businesses must purchase the finished recycled
in order to support a sustainable recycling loop.
What is the difference
between Post-Consumer and Pre-Consumer?
material that has been purchased, used, and then recycled. Pre-consumer
refers to material that is generated during a manufacturing process,
as scraps from the cutting of envelopes. Instead of being
the materials such as trimmings, damaged or obsolete products, or
are collected and incorporated into recycled products.
As a consumer, how do
I "buy recycled?"
the label to see if
the product is made with recycled content. Look for the highest
of "post consumer recycled content" you can find. There are everyday
that have recycled content that may not be labeled as such. These
include: steel products such as food cans, cars, appliances, bicycles,
furniture; aluminum products such as beverage cans; glass bottles and
While you shop, read the labels on the following products to see if
are made using recycled content:
are many more recycled
products found in your grocery store, hardware store, office supply
and home shopping catalogs. There is a long list of recycled or
preferable products that you may not have even thought about.
partial listing: re-refined motor oil, antifreeze, fiberfill for
bags, carpet, shoes, pencils, recycling bins, clothing, building
wallboard, tiles, paint, traffic cones, trash bags, plastic lumber, and
many promotional items. Just read the labels!
- Paper products: cereal, cake
mix and cracker boxes; facial tissues, toilet paper, paper towels,
corrugated cardboard boxes, writing paper, greeting cards, copier and
paper, and office paper.
- Plastic bottles: bottles and
jugs containing liquid laundry detergent, dishwashing liquids,
and household cleaners.
I heard that recycled
paper is not as good as non-recycled paper and that recycled products
more. Is that true?
products used to
cost more, but that is typically not the case anymore. Many recycled
are priced competitively with their nonrecycled counterparts, and some
recycled products may even be less expensive. If you still see higher
shop around and ask for assistance from your vendor to find a better
for your recycled products. Recycled paper prices often vary from
to vendor and fluctuate over time. Some companies’ prices may
because they are not purchasing recycled products in bulk.
As for quality, recycled
products have the same quality, reliability, and dependability as their
nonrecycled counterparts. Advances in technology continue to improve
of recycled products. Recycled content papers now share the same
and performance characteristics as their nonrecycled equivalent.
papers no longer look different - recycled content papers have the same
whiteness and brightness as nonrecycled papers. They also offer the
level of usability and high quality imaging on copiers and laser and
The District office has been
using recycled paper in our copier, fax machine, and printers for well over
and has been very pleased with the quality. If you experience problems
with recycled copy paper, try another brand. Don’t be quick
to blame the
recycled paper. Test samples of the many available recycled brands.
How can I stop receiving
of us are tired of
seeing our mailboxes fill up with stacks of junk mail. There are
things you can do to let advertisers know you want to be removed from
mailing lists. Pick up a Reduce Junk Mail Kit from the District office
that includes pre-printed postcards to the companies listed below or
the steps below.
- Send a postcard to the Direct
Marketing Association’s Mail Preference Service. Include on the postcard
your name, address and phone number in all the various ways they appear
on the junk mail you receive. This will add your name to the
file” where it will remain for five years. Approximately 70% of direct
marketers use the Service to avoid sending unwanted mail.
|Mail Preference Service
Send a postcard to the following
addresses. Include on your postcard your name, address and
number in all the various ways they appear on the junk mail you
Include the following language, “Please remove my name from
list. DO NOT LEND, SELL, or TRADE my name to any other
for its mailing lists.” Be certain to sign and date
|Haines and Company
Dir. of Data Processing
Freedom Avenue, NW
Canton, OH 44720
Chestnut Ridge Road
Lake, NJ 07677-7604
|National Demographics &
18th St., Suite 300
|American Business Information
Junk Mail Facts:
- Use postage paid response cards
and envelopes to return junk mail. Be sure to include the mailing label
and request to be removed from the mailing list.
- When you apply for a credit
card, magazine subscription or membership in an organization, or donate
to a charity, write, “Please do not rent, sell, trade or give
my name to
other businesses or organizations” on your application.
- Have the phone company remove
your name from the published phone directory. Some
list companies use the directory as a source of addresses.
- If you are getting duplicate
mailings, send the company both labels and ask them to eliminate the
- Junk mail with first class postage
can be returned. Write “Return to Sender”
on the envelope.
This does not require additional postage.
- You will prevent many credit
card offers by calling 1-888-567-8688. The National Opt-Out
will remove your name from major credit bureaus. Contact the
every two years to keep your name from being sold for credit and
- Avoid filling out contest entries.
Contests are often used to develop mailing lists.
- When moving, send out your own
postcards announcing your new address to that mail you want to receive.
The US Post Office rents the information from change of address cards
- Weight of paper in U.S. municipal
solid waste in 1980: 55 million tons.
- Weight of paper in U.S. municipal
solid waste in 1998: 84 million tons
- Weight of catalogs and other
direct mailings in the U.S. municipal solid waste stream in 1998: 5.2
- Number of trees it takes to
make a ton of paper: 17
- Rate at which bulk mail was
recycled in 1998: 18.9%
- Number of garbage trucks it
would take to haul away all the unrecycled junk mail in the U.S. to
and incinerators each year: 340,000
- Typical weight of 4 elephants:
- Amount of bulk mail delivered
annually by each of the U.S. Postal Service's 293,000 letter carriers:
- Amount of time the average American
spends opening bulk mail over the course of his or her life:
- Money spent by U.S. companies
on direct mail in 1993: $27.3 billion
- Money spent by U.S. companies
on direct mail in 1998: $39.3 billion
- Tax dollars spent to dispose
of junk mail: $275 million
- Pieces of bulk mail sent by
U.S. non-profits in one year: 12 billion
- The average adult is on 50 mailing
At Your Work
My office wants to recycle
but how do we start?
in the workplace
is not a lot different than recycling at home. You need to
recycling containers in convenient places where recyclable materials
generated – at the copy machine, by desks, in the kitchen
area, near a
Some towns will allow small
businesses to bring recyclables to the transfer station or to place
at the curb with residential recyclables. Call the District
or email at firstname.lastname@example.org
to find out if your town allows this. If not the District can
you work with your existing trash hauler to provide recycling service
to locate an independent company to collect your recyclables.
most cases, there will be a fee for picking up recyclables at your work
to complete the cycle by purchasing products with recycled content.
Talk with your
who may offer the recycled products you are looking for or be able to
What are some other ways
to reduce waste in the work place?
When buying new office equipment
- Post announcements in central
- Circulate documents instead of photocopying them
- Use a centralized filing system
- Edit documents on screen before
- Use scrap paper for note pads
and phone messages
- Store correspondence electronically
- Print rough drafts on the unused
side of used paper
- Use double sided copying
- Set narrower margins
- Use smaller fonts
- Reuse manila folders and envelopes
- Single space documents when
- Donate surplus supplies for
- Laser writers/printers that
make double sided copies
- Fax machines that use plain
- Electronic mail systems
- Copy machines with double sided
County Solid Waste Management
117 Main St., 2nd Floor
Relay for the hearing impaired:
711 or 1-800-439-2370 (TTY/TDD)
Staff email addresses
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